Last time, you saw this picture of an artifact from an historic site at Fort Sill in Comanche County, Oklahoma. We asked you to put yourself in the shoes of the archaeologist to analyze this artifact by answering a series of questions. How did you do? Here is how we would answer the questions!
- What kind of material is it made of?
Because the artifact looks extremely rusty, we can determine that it is made from iron.
- How big is it?
Using the scale in the picture, we can tell that it is roughly 12cm long at the longest point and 7cm wide at the widest. Would it fit comfortably in your hand?
- What do you think it was used for?
Based on the shape, the material, and its location at an historic site, we think that this was a pistol.
- Who do you think used it?
Because we know the site was an historic site and the fort itself is an army post, we think it was likely used by a solider in the army.
- When do you think it was used?
Because guns were not used prior to the historic periods, we know it was likely made in the last 200 years. The amount of rust on it suggests that it has been outside for a long time, but it is hard to tell more than that without knowing about the other artifacts from the site. What sort of other artifacts could you use to date the site?
- If you found this at a site, what do you think may have been happening there in the past?
Soldiers living and working at the base were likely the ones to use pistols like this one, perhaps for training at the fort.
If you answered half of these like we did, then you are definitely thinking like an archaeologist! Come back next time to analyze more artifacts in the Mystery Artifact Series!