Keota Projectile Point

Projectile Point – 34Lf40/519 (written by Laurel Lamb)

These artifacts are small projectile points.  They are classified as Keota type points.  According to James Brown (1996:431), forty types of projectile points have been excavated and identified from the Spiro site.  Other point types include Agee, Reed, Morris, and Washita.


This particular Keota point (one of those pictured above) is one inch long from the tip to its opposite end – the base.  It is half an inch at its widest point – the shoulders.  Two characteristics that sets this artifact apart as a Keota point are its characteristic narrow side notches and convex base (Sievert 2011:85).  The side notches are the chipped out spaces between the shoulders and the base, while the base protrudes outwards in an elegant curve.

While it is unclear exactly what type of stone material this point is made from, two common materials identified in Spiro points are chert and novaculite (Brown 1996:437).  This Keota point is most likely made from a type of chert.  More specifically, Dr. Elsbeth Dowd, believes it is John’s Valley chert from the Ouachita Mountains.